Nanotechnology, the ability to manipulate matter on a molecular and atomic scale, is becoming increasingly sophisticated. In 2007, the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology successfully printed the entire Old Testament onto a silicon chip the size of a pin head.
This achievement was made by firing Gallium ions onto a gold-plated silicon chip. The stream of ions etched away the gold just like a stream of water washes away dirt – but with unfathomable precision. Although the software that guided the process took three months to program, the actual “writing” took just an hour and a half.
MaterialsGate: The Entire Old Testament in Hebrew on a Pin Head